Most Important Concepts in History

Succeeding in history requires students to think about history in new and challenging ways. Real history is more rigorous and challenging than simply knowing what happened in the past or learning to recall facts from the past. It is important for history students to start thinking and doing things as historians; else, they can also seek for history helpers from online sites such as Famedwritings. You must learn to search for information and evidence, read extensively and examine historical sources, such as documents, images and artifacts. More importantly, history students must be prepared to ask difficult questions and think critically. You must be willing to question the validity of evidence, challenge existing knowledge and evaluate the arguments of others. One of the first steps toward thinking like a historian is to learn some key historical concepts. Like most other disciplines, history uses its own concepts, skills, terminology and approaches to thinking.

Significance is the relative importance or value of something. Evaluating historical significance boils down to choosing which things are more important than others. Historical significance is a critical concept because it shapes what we study and the conclusions we reach. Those who design history courses, for example, choose to focus on certain people, places and events because they consider them to have greater significance than others. History teachers emphasize certain topics or pieces of evidence because of their perceived significance. Historians, when they form conclusions and arguments, will conclude that certain people, events or factors had more impact or influence on the past than others. Identifying historical significance can sometimes appear easy.

Change is probably the most important of all historical concepts. Exploring, explaining and evaluating change is a universal focus for those who study or work in history. When investigating the past, most historians focus not on a specific moment in time but on how society changed and evolved over a longer period. Human societies are never static: all are undergoing some form of change, however minor or unnoticeable it might be. One of the aims of a historian is to identify, describe and explain this process of change. They seek to find out the conditions and factors that caused change. They try to identify how change affected the society in question.

Continuity is the opposite of change: it is where things stay more or less the same. Historians are interested in change but are mindful that not everything changes. Even during a period of great upheaval, some institutions, traditions and values will remain constant. The rise of a new monarch or political leader might bring significant change, though the political system itself may remain the same. A revolution might hope to create a new society but it may not change the way that people think or behave. Revolutionary leaders might rebel against oppressive governments, only to end up using similar methods themselves. Continuity can be important because it provides a nation or society with stability and consistency, allowing it to hold together and keep functioning. Continuity also shows us how difficult it can be to change some attitudes and human behaviors.

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Sunday August 10, 2014



On Monday August 11th, 2014 at Murchison Tabernacle CME Church located at 7629 Natural Bridge Road St. Louis, Mo 63121, the St. Louis County NAACP will host a public meeting at 6:00 PM in response to the recent murder of Mike Brown. This meeting is open to the public.

“It is our hope that this discussion will provide accurate and reliable information to be shared with the community. Our expectation is to educate the public on the NAACP’s strategy toward justice for the Brown family and the community. On hand will be a panel of community leaders, attorneys, and other leaders of influence to provide insight on how to heal our community.”

-Esther Haywood, President St. Louis County NAACP

all media inquiries please contact the NAACP directly at 314-389-1552.


Founded in 1909, the NAACP is the nation’s oldest and largest nonpartisan civil rights organization. Its members throughout the United States and the world are the premier advocates for civil rights in their civil right communities. You can read more about the NAACP’s work and our five “Game Changer” issue areas here.

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Save The Date: 76th Annual Freedom Fund Dinner

76th Annual Freedom Fund Leadership Dinner

“All In For Freedom & Equality”


June 3, 2014

The Freedom Fund Leadership Dinner is the premier fundraising event for the St. Louis County NAACP, highlighting the local programs and initiatives of the local organization. The Freedom Fund Leadership Dinner brings together over 900 key community leaders to help assist in raising funds for local civil rights efforts. This year we are pleased to announce that we will honor a number of individuals that have assisted in advancing the agenda of the St. Louis County NAACP. Our 2014 Freedom Fund Leadership Dinner honorees include


Margaret Bush Wilson Lifetime Achievement Honoree & Keynote Speaker

Roslyn M. Brock, Chairman NAACP National Board of Directors


Commitment to St. Louis Award

Cardinals Baseball Legend and Major League Baseball Hall of Famer Lou & Jackie Brock


Energy Efficiency and Health Programs

Warner Baxter, President & CEO Ameren Corporation


Stellar Youth Development & Civic Engagement Award

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.

Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.


Medgar Wiley Evers Freedom Legacy Award

Missouri Supreme Court Justice George W. Draper, III & Judge Judy Draper


We will also honor several other local leaders that have made significant strides in their respective fields to promote inclusion and diversity.


*You can purchase tickets here on our website for $85.00

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Speaking Truth to Power

Mark Your Calendar!

Please join us on Tuesday April 1st at 6:30 PM for the “Speaking Truth to Power” Ferguson Florissant School Board Community Town Hall. The St. Louis County NAACP Youth Council is sponsoring this event. Candidates running for the Ferguson Florissant School District Board of Education will have an opportunity to take questions from residents of the school district.

Please don’t miss this opportunity to make your voices heard!


Time: 6:30 PM

Location St. Louis County Library Florissant Valley Branch (Auditorium)

Date: Tuesday April 1st, 2014


Please submit questions for the candidates to specialevents@stlcountynaacp.org


For additional information please call the NAACP at 314-389-1552

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Strategic, Unified Organization for Mike Brown – Erace The Hate

This video was posted by a Missouri native who has created a brand, Erace The Hate to spread awareness with peace and positivity.

“We have to understand that our battle is not the same battle we fought during the civil rights movement.  With technology, we can bring awareness and make trends that bring societal change.  Every message, every word, every picture, song, or video will draw a certain energy.  The things that we see in media compel us to act in a certain way.  Here is how we should make a difference:

1. Before you post anything online, CHECK YOUR SOURCES!!! Do not post unofficial statements or stories.

2. Posts on ALL social media should be constructive.  They should provide enlightenment, education, comfort, and potentially, constructive humor.

2.  Any person that is interested in giving hands-on assistance to the matter should reach out to neighborhood organizations that are providing outreach.

4.  There needs to be a town hall meeting scheduled in all major cities to discuss the development of the following programs:

a.  Assesment of the Police Department Code of Conduct

b.  Mandatory use of body cameras for officers see http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/04/california-police-body-cameras-cuts-violence-complaints-rialto

c.  Just as we have sex education, the youth need programs teaching them how to speak to, and cooperate with “authorities”

d.  Sagging should be illegal


I have built the Erace The Hate brand to bring awareness to injustices within our communities.  Our brand connects all who live for the betterment of humanity.  We call ourselves, Eracists; A League of Extraordinary Dreamers.  The world needs a positive and real life trend.   The world needs to Erace The Hate.  I would like to thank the NAACP and all other organizations in advance for working, communicating with one another to creative a better environment for black youth as a result of this tragedy.”


– Lyndon Gray, president of Eracism Clothing llc and founder of www.EraceTheHate.com

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NAACP Calls For A March in Ferguson

The NAACP Calls For A MARCH is set for Saturday August 23, 2014 at 1:00 PM at the Buzz Westfall Shopping Center in front of the Schnuck’s Grocery Store. The Theme is: Wear your sunglasses because Justice is Blind in the City of Ferguson.

Here is what we’re marching for:

 An independent and comprehensive federal investigation by the Department of Justice of the fatal shooting of Michael Brown, an unarmed African American teenager shot by police in Ferguson, Missouri,

 A comprehensive federal review and reporting of all police killings, accompanied by immediate action to address the unjustified use of lethal and excessive force by police officers in jurisdictions throughout this country against unarmed people of color,

 A comprehensive federal review and reporting of excessive use of force generally against youth and people of color and the development of national use of force standards,

 A comprehensive federal review and reporting of racially disproportionate policing, examining rates of stops, frisks, searches, and arrests by race, including a federal review of police departments’ data collection practices and capabilities,

 A comprehensive federal review and reporting of police departments’ racial profiling and racially bias practices, as well as any related policies and trainings,

 A final update and release of the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) June 2003 Guidance Regarding the Use of Race by Federal Law Enforcement Agencies (hereinafter “Guidance”), with substantive reforms including updates that would 1) make the Guidance enforceable 2) apply the Guidance to state and local law enforcement who work in partnership with the federal government or receive federal funding; 3) close the loopholes for the border and national security; 4) cover surveillance activities; 5) prohibit profiling based on religion, national origin, and sexual orientation,

 Required racial bias training and guidance against the use of force for state and local law enforcement that receive grants,

 The required use of police officer Body-Worn Cameras (BWC) to record every police-civilian encounter in accordance with and policy requiring civilian notification and applicable laws, including during SWAT deployments, along with rigorous standards regarding the retention, use, access, and disclosure of data captured by such systems,  The universal use of dash cameras in police vehicles,

 Concrete steps to ensure that federal military weapons do not end up in the hands of local law enforcement and, if they do, to prevent the misuse of those weapons in communities of color,

 On the ground community training to educate residents of their rights when dealing with law enforcement,

 The elimination of the “broken windows” policing policy initiated in the 1980’s which encourages overly aggressive police encounters for minor offenses and the promotion of community-based policing,

 Greater and more effective community oversight over the local law enforcement and policing tactics, and

 The establishment of a law enforcement commission to review policing tactics that would include in its composition leaders/experts from civil rights advocacy groups who represent the most impacted communities.


As national civil and human rights organizations and leaders committed to the protection of the rights of African Americans and all Americans, we come together as a unified collective to urgently impress upon elected officials, law enforcement, the legal profession, businesses and all those in this nation interested in social justice, that we must not allow the killing of Michael Brown and other unarmed individuals across this nation to be in vain. As organizational leaders we represent millions across this country who are, as the old saying goes – “sick and tired of being sick and tired.”

As we all mourn the loss of Michael Brown and remain steadfast in our unyielding support for his mother and father who have suffered a loss no parent should endure, we also continue to call upon the community at large to make sure that this tragedy results in future systemic change to prevent similar tragic shootings and the use of excessive force. We commend the actions of President Barack Obama and Attorney General Eric Holder Jr. and other elected officials for their strong stance against the senseless use of deadly force and the militarization of law enforcement in Ferguson, Missouri. We are now extremely concerned with the increasingly unstable situation in Ferguson and encourage more respectful responses from elected officials, along with a permanent restructuring of law enforcement so that it is more reflective of the racial and gender diversity and the overall needs of the community. Beyond Ferguson, we must similarly demand mutual respect from law enforcement and elected officials toward other affected communities where lives have been tragically lost and endangered. As we call for immediate and short term remedies to address the challenges in Ferguson, we know that more must be done to prevent future abuses across the nation. Nothing will be resolved until there is systemic change throughout this nation in the implicit and explicit bias against people of color and particularly African American youth who are routinely targeted by law enforcement even within their own communities.

Furthermore, it has not gone unnoticed that the images of militarized law enforcement personnel surrounding peaceful demonstrations in Ferguson are eerily similar to those we equate with the inhumane and racist tactics used against protestors during the Civil Rights movement in the 50’s and 60’s. This sight reminds us that despite the tremendous progress this nation has made in many areas, including the election of the first African American President, we are not and will never realize a post-racial society until we honestly acknowledge, confront and address the systemic structures that maintain the old vestiges of racial segregation and de-humanization in this country, particularly in law enforcement.

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